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Records & Directories << Census Records <<

| Go to the Federal Census Introduction |

Records and Directories Guide

Census Records-
Records and Directories
What's In Them Where to Find Them How to Use Them***

Federal Census 1790-1840 (to learn the exact content from a given census year, go to the Census Forms extra.)
Almost always include:

  • Name of head of household
  • Number of free white males in age categories
  • Number of free white females in age categories
  • total # of free whites
  • Number of slaves
  • county and/or town of residence


  • May also include:
  • # of people involved in agriculture, commerce or manufacturing
  • Number of people not naturalized
  • Number of "colored" people in age categories
  • Number of slaves in age categories
  • notation of deaf, dumb and blind people
  • notation of aliens
  • Revolutionary War pensioners
  • Number involved in navigation
  • Number in learned professions and engineers
  • Number in schools
  • Number over age 21 who cannot read or write
  • Number insane

  • National Archives:
    http://www.archives.gov/

    General compiled sources such as the FHL Catalog:
    http://www.familysearch.org/
    Search/searchcatalog.asp

    State or local libraries, archives or societies and/or compiled records for that locality can be found in the Resource Guide section of the Ancestors web site.

    University & special libraries (e.g., DAR)

    Online & CD transcription projects

  • to locate your ancestors - at least the head of household - over time
  • to help make intelligent guesses about relationships, # of children, etc.
  • to help make intelligent guesses about rough year born (within a few years)
  • to determine whether a slave owner
  • to find some clues to occupation or means of support
  • to find some clues to education
  • to find some clues to military service
  • to find some clues to medical conditions
  • to identify other potential branches of your family living nearby
  • *** Please share your suggestions for other uses of information found in census records here

    For more information on these important records, be sure to catch the Census Records episode of Ancestors on your local PBS station.

     
     
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